'Social sustainability means maintaining social capital. It lowers the cost of working together and facilitates cooperation. Trust lowers transaction costs, for example. This can be achieved only by systematic community participation and strong civil society, including government. Cohesion of community, connectedness between groups of people, reciprocity, tolerance, compassion, patience, forbearance, fellowship, love, commonly accepted standards of honesty and ethics. Commonly shared rules, laws, discipline, etc., constitute the part of social capital least subject to rigorous measurement, but essential for social sustainability. Social (sometimes called 'moral') capital requires maintenance and replenishment by shared values and equal rights, and by community, religious and cultural interactions. Without such care it depreciates as surely as does physical capital. The creation and maintenance of social capital, as needed for social sustainability, is not yet adequately recognized â€¦' (http://www2.worldbank.org/hm/e-sust/0039.html).
The networks of relationships among persons, firms, and institutions in a society, together with associated norms of behavior, trust, cooperation, etc., that enable a society to function effectively.
According to the OECD: 'networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate cooperation within or among groups' (OECD, 2001:41). (About social capital and government policies, see http://www.statistics.gov.uk/socialcapital/; and visit the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development at www.oecd.org/).
The sum of funds, human resources, infrastructure, information networks, and other resources mobilized for and dedicated to civil society.
The institutions, norms, relationships, and networks that enable collective action and shape the quantity and quality of a society's social interactions.
Cooperative networks that permit individuals to work together for mutual goals. Social Security. Includes social security pensions and survivors' benefits and permanent disability insurance payments made by the Social Security Administration prior to deductions for medical insurance. The Census Bureau does not include medicare reimbursements for health services as social security benefits.
The process and conditions of social networking among people and organizations that lead to accomplishing a goal of mutual social benefit, usually characterized by trust, cooperation, involvement in the community, and sharing.
the social capital of a society includes the institutions, relationships, attitudes and values that govern interactions among people and contribute to economic and social development. It includes the shared values and rules for social conduct expressed in personal relationships, trust and a common sense of "civic" responsibility, that makes a society more than a collection of individuals.
A resource created through the accumulation of trust and goodwill between people and organizations that operate within linking social networks and fosters cooperative collective action.
The institutions, relationships, attitudes, and values that facilitate interactions among people. In contrast to physical and monetary capital, social capital does not necessarily depreciate or dissipate over time, and can in fact increase with use.
relationships that link us to others (community activities, clubs, neighborhood associations and other less formal networks) and that create our sense of belonging to a community; the glue that holds communities together.
Refers to the institutions relationships attitudes and values that govern interactions among people in society and contribute to economic and social development
This term refers to a range of measures, which assist in defining or describing the health of the social fabric or community life in economic terms. It is largely a term used to ascribe an inherent value to things such as building and developing community, social networks, facilities and community activities so that the worth of these things is not lost under an economic rationalist world view. As a concept, social capital also encourages the idea that cooperation adds value to society in areas where competition cannot assist.
social capital: consists of the networks, norms, relationships, values and informal sanctions that shape the quantity and co-operative quality of a societys social interactions. [Social Capital: A Discussion Paper by the Performance and Innovation Unit, April 2002 www.number-10.gov.uk/su/social%20capital/socialcapital.pdf
Social capital is a term used to describe the contribution that social relationships make towards the health and wellbeing of our society. It refers to the bond of trust and relationships that communities build and renew when people interact with each other in families, workplaces, neighbourhoods, local associations and a range of informal and formal meeting places and situations. The elements that make up social capital include: Social networks and support structures Community participation Civic and political environment Trust in people and social situations Tolerance of diversity Altruism and Philanthropy
social networks and the norms of trust and reciprocity that flourish through these networks.
Defined by the OECD as "â€¦networks, together with shared norms, values and understandings which facilitate cooperation within or among groups".
non-material investments (such as in networks of social support, bonds of trust) which may have future "payoffs" (e.g. credit, reciprocal obligations, hiring and promotion)
Physical or real capital that is owned by the public sector rather than by private firms.
The idea of trust and cooperation that can be measured within communities. This is increasingly seen as being of fundamental importance to social inclusion and regeneration programmes.
By analogy with notions of physical capital and human capital--tools and training that enhance individual productivity--"social capital" refers to features of social organisation, such as networks, norms, and trust that facilitate co-ordination and co-operation for mutual benefit. Social capital enhances the benefits of investment in physical and human capital.
A concept that refers to relationships of trust between people from within one particular social group and between people from different social groups in a particular area.
The UK Government has formally adopted the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's definition of social capital: "networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation within or among groups." In particular, social capital involves building 'bonds' and 'bridges' between people as a foundation for social support and community relationships (Putnam, 2000). Effective community involvement, especially horizontal involvement and networking, are key elements in the building of social capital.
Networks, understanding and values that shape the way we relate to each other and participate in social activities.
The stock of shared meaning and trust in a given community. Social capital is a prerequisite for co-operation and organised human behaviour, including business. Social capital can be transformed, consumed or replenished, as can financial capital.
The sum of the actual and potential resources embedded within, available through, and derived from the network of relationships possessed by an individual or social unit.
Social capital represents the degree of social cohesion which exists in communities, created from the myriad of everyday interactions between people, and is embodied in such structures as civic and religious groups, family membership, informal community networks, and in norms of voluntarism, altruism and trust.
A term that refers to features of social organization, such as networks, norms, and trust, that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit; enhances the benefits of investment in physical and human capital.
Made up of networks, trust (shared values?) and civic institutions, according to Digital Futures. Contributes to economic and social development (OECD, 1998).
Social capital refers to the collective value of all "social networks" (who people know) and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other ("norms of reciprocity"). More formally, "social capital is the sum of the resources, actual or virtual, that accrue to an individual or group by virtue of possessing a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition."
The value and cooperation created through social human relationships or networks.
The system of relations that defines the synergy of a group or culture. The strength of relations, when seeking for an objective, defines social capital.
(capital social) The relationships, networks, and norms that facilitate collective action, including both formal and informal institutional arrangements. (OECD, 2001)
The norms and networks that people draw on to solve common problems. ( learn more)
The mutual trust and social behaviours that allow and define civic engagement.
is the attitude, spirit and willingness of people to engage in collective, civic activities. Over time, social capital builds what may be termed as social infrastructure, a key item discussed in the Strategic Social Plan.
Social capital is a core concept in business, economics, organizational behaviour, political science, and sociology, defined as the advantage created by a person's location in a structure of relationships. It explains how some people gain more success in a particular setting through their superior connections to other people. There are in fact a variety of inter-related definitions of this term, which has been described as "something of a cure-all" (Portes, 1998) for all the problems afflicting communities and societies today.