A term used in research to describe changes in the subjects' behaviour caused by the researcher's presence or by the subjects' awareness of being studied.
A distortion of research results caused by the response of subjects to the special attention they receive from researchers. 'Hawthorne' is the name of the factory where the effect was first observed and described.
The term "Hawthorne effect" is used to explain situations where an experiment cannot be trusted because the very fact that the experiment is taking place is influencing the results obtained. This reminds us that programme staff and beneficiaries can behave quite differently from their normal patterns if they know that they are being observed. See also natural observations.
The impact of the researcher on the research subjects or setting, notably in changing their behaviour.
The finding that workers who were observed increased their productivity regardless of what actual changes were made in the work setting.
A fairly frequent term in American non-profit management: the presence of researchers affecting the outcome of the study (into productivity).
The Hawthorne effect refers to the phenomenon that when people are observed in a study, their behavior or performance temporarily changes. Others have broadened the definition to mean that peopleâ€™s behavior and performance change, following any new or increased attention. The term gets its name from a factory called the Hawthorne Workshttp://www.assemblymag.com/CDA/Archives/0cdaaa2e0d5c9010VgnVCM100000f932a8c0____ "The Hawthorne Works" from Assembly Magazine, where a series of experiments on factory workers were carried out between 1924 and 1932.