neuroglia cells that support nerve cells and contribute to blood-brain barrier
star-shaped glial cells that fill in the space between neurons and maintain the extracellular environment with the right concentrations of chemicals to support neurons, such as taking up neurotransmitters released by neurons. Astrocytes are the most numerous glia, and the most mysterious. They now appear to be critically involved in neurogenesis.
Neuroglial cells, characterized by fibrous or protoplasmic processes. Cells that form the scar after the myelin is destroyed.
A type of neuroglial cell that functions to connect neurons to blood vessels.
The most numerous of the neuroglial cells in the CNS derived from the neuroectoderm. Astrocytes function is fundamental for maintaining the homeostasis in the CNS. Astrocytes are part of the blood brain barrier, function as de-toxificating cells in the neuronal microenvironment and produce a variety of growth factors and mediators that contribute to the interaction betewwen neurons and their environment (neuronal-neuroglial interaction).
Cells that nourish and support spinal neurons.
cells providing support functions to the central nervous system.
A type of glial cell that provides physical support for neurons in the brain and spinal cord.
Neurological cell of ectodermal origin characterized by fibrous, protoplasmic, or plasmatofibrous processes. Collectively, such cells are called astroglia.
Spidery or star-shaped cells which hold together the structures in the central nervous system. Astrocytes control the blood brain barrier and are responsible for producing scar tissue when myelin sheaths have been irreparably damaged.
One of the major types of glial cells of the nervous system.
Once inside the brain or spinal cord, neural progenitor cells grow into neuron-supporting stem cells called astrocytes.