one of the six philosophical systems which follows and recognizes the pre-eminence of the Veda teachings in hinduism. Sâmkhya is the former one and had been composed during the Buddha life period. The Sâmkhya does not postulate the existence of any God; according to this system, the World is made of two separate entities : the Consciousness ( Purusha), of passive (non active) nature, and the Matter ( Prakriti), of dynamic nature. When both entities interact with each other, they produce the phenomenon world (Manifestation). Prakriti is characterized by its potential functions : rajas, tamas, sattwa
This word means both "discriminative knowledge" and "enumeration". It is one of the schools of Hindu philosophy founded by Kapila that gives a systematic account of cosmic evolution according to twenty-five categories, namely: Purusha or cosmic spirit Prakruti or cosmic substance Mahat or cosmic intelligence Ahamkara or individuating principle Manas or cosmic mind Indriyas or ten abstract sense powers of cognition and action Tanmatras or five subtle elements Mahat bhutas or the five great elements
One of the six systems of Hindu philosophy, ascribed to Kapila.
a system of philosophy
the analysis, the enumeration and discriminative setting forth of the principles of our being; the abstract and analytical realisation of truth; [considered as one of the six darsanas]; [an adherent of the samkhya school].
The dualistic branch of Indian philosophy which is closely integrated with yoga. In it, unmanifest pure bliss consciousness and the manifest universe are seen as two sides of the whole of life, and can be experienced as one by the yogi and yogini. This “two becoming one” is the intersection of the dual (samkhya/yoga) and non-dual (vedanta/advaita) philosophies if India. It is through yoga practice and direct experience that the apparent inconsistency is resolved.
correct understanding; knowledge of reality; a school of philosophy
One of the six systems of orthodox Hindu thought or Indian philosophy that accept the authority of Vedas. The other five are Vaisheshika, Nyaya, Yoga, Mimasa, and Vedanta. Scholars believe that these six systems of thoughts originated and evolved roughly between 600 and 200 BC.
Early non-Buddhist philosophical school; the so-called "enumerators," because they advocate a definite enumeration of the causes that produce existents.
("Number"): one of the main traditions of Hinduism, which is concerned with the classification of the principles (tattva) of existence and their proper discernment in order to distinguish between Spirit (purusha) and the various aspects of Nature (prakriti); this influential system grew out of the ancient (pre-Buddhist) Samkhya-Yoga tradition and was codified in the Samkhya-Karika of Ishvara Krishna (c. 350 C.E.)
Samkhya, also Sankhya, (Sanskrit: à¤¸à¤¾à¤‚à¤–à¥à¤¯, IAST: SÄá¹ƒkhya - Enumeration) is one of the six schools of classical Indian philosophy. Sage Kapila is traditionally considered to be the founder of the Sankhya school, although no historical verification is possible. It is regarded as the oldest of the philosophical systems in India.