A family of particles that have integral spins (1, 2, ...) and do not obey the Pauli Exclusion Principle. Bosons can also be made from an even number of fermions. Examples: mesons, gague bosons, the helium nucleus in the journey. See also: spin, fermions, mesons, gauge bosons, Debriefing
Particles of integer spin that carry forces.
The bosons are the class of all particles with integral spins. Unlike the fermions there are no conservation laws for the number of bosons. The bosons frequently exhibit properties reminiscent of the bound state of an even number of fermions.
All known particles are either bosons or fermions. Bosons have integral quantum numbers of spin: 0,1,2,etc. They obey Bose statistics in that an arbitrary number bosons can occupy the same quantum state. Examples of bosons are the photon, graviton, W and Z.
Elementary particles are divided into two classes called bosons and fermions. The bosons include the photons, phonons, and mesons. At thermal equilibrium, the energy distribution of identical bosons follows the Bose-Einstein distribution.
Photons are examples of bosons.