The specimen used in the original description as the basis of naming a new species or subspecies. More properly referred to as the holotype.
In the rank-based codes, the specimen, specimens, or subordinate taxon to which a taxon name is permanently attached; the type provides the standard of reference that determines the application of a name.
a designated representative (standard) for a plant name. cf. holotype, isotype, lectotype, neotype, paratype, syntype. Back to Glossary Index
(biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon
a specimen (a real plant, a part of a plant or a lot of small plants), which is dead, dried and safely stored in a herbarium (or the equivalent for fungi)
the voucher specimen which determines the identity of e.g. a species
A term used alone, or forming part of a compound term, to denote a particular kind of specimen or taxon.
A term used on its own, denoting a kind of type specimen
A term used alone or as part of a compound term used for a kind of specimen or taxon.
A term used to describe the nomenclatural importance of various kinds of specimens.
the single element of a taxon to which its name is permanently associated, and on which the description or valid publication is based.
The individual(s) from which a species (or other taxon) is described. See allotype, holotype and paratype.
In botanical nomenclature, a type (typus, nomenclatural type)
In zoological nomenclature, a type is a specimen or a taxon. A "name-bearing type" "provides the objective standard of reference whereby the application of the name of a nominal taxon can be determined."