a computer program for collecting, storing, retrieving, transforming and displaying spatial data collected from the real world for analysis.
A process that combines spatial features (where a place is on the ground) with attribute data (what is in that place).
A computer software system designed to store,manipulate, analyze, and print geographically referenced information.
a computer mapping system that links databases of geographically-based information to maps that display the information. For more information, see www.esri.com.
Tools used to gather, transform, manipulate, analyze, and produce information related to the surface of the Earth.
GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information (i.e. spatial data).
A computer system that combines database management system functionality with information about location. In this way it is able to capture, manage, integrate, manipulate, analyse and display data that is spatially referenced to the earth's surface.
A database containing map data. In our case, this is a map of a city with important features associated with it such as house numbers, postal codes, types of roads etc. [Section 1.4
A computer system for capturing, checking, integrating, analyzing and displaying data related to positions on the earth's surface. Typically, a Geographical Information System (or Spatial Information System) is used for handling maps of one kind or another. These might be represented as several different layers where each layer holds data about a particular kind of feature. Each feature is linked to a position on the graphical image of a map. Layers of data are organised to be studied and to perform statistical analysis.
(Spatial User's Guide and Reference; search in this book)
A computerized database management system used for the capture, conversion, storage, retrieval, analysis, and display of spatial data.