valvular heart disease: The heart contains four valves that open and close to allow the blood to flow in only one direction. If these valves become diseased, blood may not be able to flow forward through the heart, or it may leak backwards. This condition becomes more prevalent with advanced age.
When one of more of the four heart valves are diseased or damaged.
Complication of diseases that distort or destroy heart valves. The heart has four valves. Valvular heart disease can be narrowed valves (stenosis) that obstruct blood flow or widened or scarred valves that allow blood to leak backward into the heart (insufficiency or regurgitation). Disorder may be inherited or caused by another disease, such as rheumatic fever, hypertension, atherosclerosis, endocarditis or syphilis (rarely). Disease outcome depends on the underlying condition. Many complications and symptoms can be controlled with medication or cured with surgery. See Rheumatic fever; hypertension; syphilis.
heart disease caused by stenosis of the cardiac valves and obstructed blood flow or caused by degeneration and blood regurgitation
a heart valve defect
One of the heart's four valves (two aortic, two mitral) may be narrowing (stenosis) or leaking, restricting blood flow to the heart. In certain cases, valvular endocarditis (infection of the heart valves) may cause damage to the valves, impairing blood flow.
A heart condition caused when any of the four major valves that regulate the flow of blood through the heart and to the lungs is damaged or diseased. General circulation becomes obstructed (called stenosis) or leaky (called regurgitation), so the volume of blood circulated to the body is limited. The heart must pump harder to move blood forward, and sometimes the blood flows back into the heart. Valvular heart disease is also called heart valve disease.
Valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more valves of the heart. The valves in the right side of the heart are the tricuspid valve and the pulmonic valve. The valves in the left side of the heart are the mitral valve and the aortic valve.