is the process of arriving at a conclusion by examining facts or examples; particular to general. Example: There are tire tracks in the snow and a smell of gasoline in the air; therefore, I conclude that a motorized wheeled vehicle has been here recently.
The process of examining several specific situations and then formulating a general rule that applies to each case. For example, multiplying counting numbers by 2, one observes that the product in each case is an even number. 2 x 1 = 2, 2 x 2 = 4, 2 x 3 = 6, 2 x 4 =8. The conclusion reached by inductive reasoning is that the product of any counting number and 2 is an even number.
The attempt to use information about a specific situation to draw a conclusion.
Making a generalization from specific cases; used to formulate a general rule after examining a pattern.
Generalizations based on repeated observations.
Induction or inductive reasoning, sometimes called inductive logic, is the process of reasoning in which the premises of an argument are believed to support the conclusion but do not ensure it. It is used to ascribe properties or relations to types based on tokens (i.e., on one or a small number of observations or experiences); or to formulate laws based on limited observations of recurring phenomenal patterns.
An argument form in which one reasons from premises that are known or assumed to be true to a conclusion that is supported by the premises but does not necessarily follow from them.
reasoning in which a number of cases are investigated and then a conclusion is made for all similar cases; the process of induction is that one moves from specific to general cases; the process starts with a large amount of information and seeks commonalities.
Leading from premises about particular cases to a conclusion that has the character of a general law or principle. Reasoning in which conclusions are drawn from particular instances or facts.
begins with specific details and facts and uses them to arrive at conclusions and generalizations.
A kind of reasoning in which the conclusion is based on several past observations.
making generalizations from specific data
The synthetic process used to reason from particulars to probable conclusions.
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
A type of type of mathematical reasoning which involves observing patterns and using those observations to make generalizations.
Forming generalizations from particular observations in a common occurrence.
A method of reasoning where one makes generalizations for many, smaller examples or premises.
A system of reasoning based on observation and measurement.
Inductive reasoning is using observation to formulate an idea or theory. It is based on experience and is intuitive in nature. This kind of approach entails research, experimentation, and trial and error.
Inferring general principles from specific examples.
a method of reasoning in which a conjecture is made based on several observations.
drawing conclusions given parts of information; part to whole analysis
The type of thinking that involves making general conclusion from specific examples
Using observations and facts to arrive at generalizations or hypotheses. It goes from the specific to the general and is widely used in science. Compare deductive reasoning.
Reasoning in which one observes a number of particular instances and tries to determine a general rule that covers them all.
a) The type of reasoning that uses inference to reach a generalized conclusion from particular instances; b) In mathematics, demonstration of the validity of a law concerning all the positive integers by proving that it holds for the integer 1 and that if it holds for an arbitrarily chosen positive integer it must hold for the integer +1; also called mathematical induction
Logical reasoning pattern where facts and observations are evaluated to determine whether a generalization can be made
Reasonong from a series of specific observations to a set of one or more general principles.For example, Darwin used sets of observations of the fossil record, the distribution of organisms, and the structure of organisms to infer natural selection that natural selection is a general concept helping to explain the diversity of life on Earth.
A form of reasoning from individual cases to general ones or from observed instances to unobserved ones.
The process of observing data, recognizing patterns, and making generalizations from your observations (Lesson 1.1).
Reasoning about arguments in which it is improbable that the conclusion is false if the premises are true. See also deductive reasoning.