Trees with crowns extending above the general level of the crown cover and receiving full light from above and partly from the side; larger than the averge trees in the stand, with crowns well developed, possibly somewhat crowded on the sides. See crown class.
The tallest, most vigorous trees in a forest stand; larger-than-average trees with well developed crowns, which receive sun exposure on all sides.
Trees that are in the upper layer of the forest canopy; larger than the average trees in the stand.
trees that extend above surrounding individuals and capture sunlight from above and around the crown.
Trees with crowns extending above the general level of the canopy and receiving full light from above and partly from the side; taller than the average trees in the stand with crowns well developed. Also see codominant trees.
The tallest trees in the forest. These are trees which have crowns that are higher than the top of the highest canopy of the forest.