someone other than the person that experienced the event(s) described in a literary work
6,7,8,9,10,11,12 A source that is reporting on or analyzing information from another source.
A work, such as a history book or magazine article, that was written many years after the events it describes and analyzes or interprets primary sources.
A source that analyzes or interprets primary source material.
Are resources that analyze, describe, and synthesize the original or primary source. These include review articles, reference books such as encyclopedias, and textbooks. See also: Primary Source
A source that endeavors to interpret or analyze, or otherwise relies on, primary sources. Criticism, textbooks, some magazine articles, and commentaries are examples of secondary sources. See also primary and tertiary sources.
materials or sources that contain information that has been cited, translated, or based upon another primary or original source.
a book or essay that explains, analyses or is otherwise about another book, work, or essay. Contrast with a Primary Source.
a compilation of referenced data from various primary sources
a description by a person usually not present at the event and relying on primary source documents for information
a document, often in the form of an article or book, in which a scholar has a investigated primary evidence and other secondary accounts to produce a description and analysis of an event or period
a generalized account of an event wherein the description of the events is an interpretation made by an editor/historian of the information provided by primary sources
a historical work built up from primary sources
a historical work that interprets or analyzes historical events without having any direct connection to that event, but that largely bases itself on primary sources
an account of the period in question written after the events have taken place
an account or interpretation of the event which is based, in turn, on primary sources
a narrative, summary or explanation based upon primary sources, but restating the raw material to give a coherent interpretation of a subject or event
an essay, chapter, book, or other source that comments on or interprets the primary source
an information source that does not have as a major component the description of formal observations or experiments but rather is synthesized from some combination of primary sources, experience, or authoritative belief (dogma)
an interpretation, written later by a historian looking back at the past
a representation of an event
a textbook, reference book, web page, video, etc
a work that appraises, interprets or analyzes
a work that contains the explanation of, and judgements on, this primary material
a work that interprets or analyzes a document, event, or other type of primary source
a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon
A resource that analyzes, compiles, or synthesizes information from one or more primary sources. These can be reviews, review articles, textbooks, encyclopaedias, etc.
an information source that uses, interprets, or comments on primary source material or describes it at second hand. Textbooks and encyclopedias, biographies, or reviews are some examples of sources that are usually secondary in nature.
Secondary sources are those records generated by an event but written by non-participants or witnesses of the event. Secondary sources are based on or derived from primary sources but have been interpreted or analyzed. Examples of secondary sources include magazine and journal articles, literary criticism, biographies, and encyclopedia articles which analyze or interpret primary sources.
any material that is not a primary source, e.g. anthologies, biographies, histories, encyclopedias.
Works that are published or unpublished that rely on original research of primary sources
a critical or historical work that critiques or explains a primary source or is an outgrowth of the primary work.
A quote or reference that is quoting or interpreting information from the original creator of the idea. See Primary source
A source that contains information that other people have gathered and interpreted. It is at least once removed from the original. These sources extend, analyze, interpret, or evaluate the primary information.
material that reports or comments on a primary source, event, or work. Some examples of secondary sources include journal and magazine articles, books, reviews, and commentaries.
information written about a primary source. Examples of secondary sources include literature reviews and literary criticism.
Material that interprets or analyzes a subject or event after the fact, and often based on information from primary sources. Examples are history textbooks, encyclopedias and book reviews.
A scholar's description or analysis of primary sources. A secondary source is a step removed from the original accounts of an event or experience.
Second-hand commentaries or interpretations
is derived from something original (i.e., an account about an original document, event, or person).
Any material, other than the original document, generally used in the preparation of a written work. An item that analyzes or builds on an original source or another secondary source. (Unit 1 Welcome to the Information Age)
Interprets and analyzes primary sources. Secondary sources are one step removed from the event. Examples: textbooks, criticism, commentaries, and encyclopedias.
These sources analyze and interpret primary sources, drawing upon them to explain events of the past or explore the meaning of works of art. Secondary sources are often produced well after the events or primary sources they comment upon, and their authors tend to be modern scholars or commentators rather than eyewitnesses of what they write about. Typical secondary sources include scholarly books, articles in journals, reviews, and textbooks.
Interprets and analyses primary sources. Works that are not contemporary records or documents associated with the event but provide background necessary to understand the primary sources. Secondary sources include: encyclopedias, textbooks, histories, criticisms, commentaries, and journal articles. Compare Primary Source; Tertiary Source.
The sources used to support the main source. For example, magazine articles or encyclopedia entries. These sources support the main ideas of the main source, but do not show the same authority and thoroughness in discussion of a subject.
see " Source - Secondary"
Any material other than primary sources.
A document published based on the observations or information of other more primary sources. Usually interprets, evaluates or analyzes primary sources or other secondary sources.
Interprets and analyses primary sources. Secondary sources are one step removed from the event being described but provide the background necessary to understand the the primary sources. Some types of secondary sources are: textbooks, journal articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, and encyclopedias.
A document which interprets or analyzes a primary source. It is something written or reported about someone else's work.
Any material that analyzes, describes, and/or synthesizes primary sources (see above). Secondary sources include reviews, reference books, textbooks, etc.
Writing based entirely on information found in other published sources.
A study which takes primary sources (statistical data or a literary text) and analyzes them.
A source that contains information that other people have gathered and interpreted, extended, analyzed, or evaluated, such as newspaper articles, a documentary on television, a website, a science text, and an encyclopedia entry
a secondary source is a record that was created a significant amount of time after an event occurred. For example, a marriage certificate would be a secondary source for a birth date, because the birth took place several years before the time of the marriage. However, that same marriage certificate would be a primary source for a marriage date, because it was created at the time of the marriage.
Information about a topic or event that is based on an analysis of primary or other secondary sources.
any materials other than primary sources used in the preparation of a written work. (ALA)
Information which has been reported, analyzed or interpreted by other persons.
record containing information compiled long after the events discussed; generally not as reliable as a primary source.
materials or sources that contain information that has been cited, translated, or based on other material. Compare to " Primary Source."
"Secondary sources consist of oral and written accounts of phenomena produced by others." ( The St. Martin's Handbook.) Examples include encyclopedias, most newspaper and magazine articles, and textbooks.
Works that are not original manuscripts or contemporary records or documents associated with an event, but which critique, comment on, or build upon these primary sources.
an account or summary of a historical event not based on direct observation.
A secondary source comprises all the materials you use in your essay that are not primary sources. While The Polished Hoe is a primary source, a book of criticism on the novels of Austin Clarke is a secondary source.
A work that is not an original document, but which builds upon primary sources through interpretation and evaluation (i.e. a book review).
A work that interprets or analyzes an event or topic using primary and other secondary sources. ( learn more)
A source that comments on, analyzes, or otherwise relies on primary sources. An article in a newspaper that reports on a scientific discovery or a book that analyzes a writer's work is a secondary source.
In historical scholarship, a Secondary source is a work of history written as a synthetic account, usually based on primary sources and other secondary sources. Most scholarly historical monographs published today are secondary sources. Ideal secondary sources are usually characterized as both reporting events in the past as well as performing the function of generalization, analysis, synthesis, interpretation, and/or evaluation of the events.