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((CH3)2CHCH(NH2)COOH) A naturally occuring amino acid with a nonpolar side chain.
(Ile, I) An amino acid.
Essential amino acid. Isoleucine is essential for proper growth in infants and for nitrogen balance in adults.
hydrophobic amino acid.
Branched Chain Amino acid
provides building blocks for manufacturing of essential biochemicals utilized for production of energy and stimulation to the brain.
One of the 20 most common natural amino acids and coded for DNA. Its chemical composition is identical to that of leucine, but the arrangement of its atoms is slightly different resulting in different properties. It is also an essential amino acid. Page Top
An essential amino acid in mammals. It contains an aliphatic hydrophobic sidechain. [ see schematic diagram].
One of the three branched chain amino acids. They are called BCAA's because they structurally branch off another chain of atoms instead of forming a line. Studies have shown that BCAA's help to stimulate protein synthesis and inhibit its breakdown, so BCAA's have powerful anabolic and anticatabolic effects on the body. They may also potentiate the release of some anabolic hormones, such as growth hormone. Regular ingestion of BCAA's help to keep the body in a state of postive nitrogen balance. In this state, your body much more readily builds muscle and burns fat. Studies have shown that athletes taking extra BCAA's have shown a loss of more bodyfat than those not taking BCAA's.
Isoleucine is one of the 20 basic amino acids, and forms part of the structure of almost all proteins. It is coded for in DNA. Its chemical composition is identical to that of leucine, but the arrangement of its atoms is slightly different, resulting in different properties.