(as with human interleukin) the formation of new combinations of genes that did not occur in the parents.
A microbe, or strain, that has received chromosomal parts from different parental strains.
An offering that possesses neither of the combinations of alleles displayed by the parents. A chromosome (or individual) arising from a crossover at meiosis.
A term used to describe drugs that have been produced using the techniques of genetic engineering. The products are virtual replicas of compounds produced naturally by the body.
Joining together again. In genetics, it refers to the joining of gene combinations in the offspring that were not present in the parents.
An organism whose genome contains integrated genetic material from a different organism. See also Genome.
A term used in both classical and molecular genetics. 1. In classical genetics: An organism or cell that is the result of meiotic recombination. 2. In molecular genetics: A hybrid molecule made up of DNA obtained from different organisms. Typically used as an adjective, e.g. recombinant DNA.
An organism which, because of DNA recombination, contains a combination of alleles differing from either of its parents. DNA that contains sequences from different sources, usually the result of in vitro laboratory procedures. Individual gamete or chromosome resulting from recombination.
Manufacturing a new molecule by recombining the original molecule's DNA.
A DNA or protein molecule produced as a result of assembling and joining DNA sequences from different sources. Sometimes used to refer to an organism carrying such a gene.
Manufactured; genetically engineered.
Def. 1. In classical genetics, an organism containing a combination of alleles different from either parent Def. 2. In molecular genetics, a DNA molecule containing a novel sequence. See rDNA.
Genetically engineered follicle stimulating hormone as opposed to FSH extracted from the urine of post menopausal women. It is synthesized in vitro by cells into which genes encoding for FSH subunits have been inserted. Brand names are Gonal-F and Follistim.
Refers to a genotype with a new combination of variable types, in contrast to parental type.
formed from a combination of DNA originating from different sources.
HIV-1 containing a sequence corresponding to a mixture of more than one subtype in the envelope gene
an organism whose genome contains integrated genetic material from a different organism. Also used in relation to compounds produced by laboratory or industrial cultures of genetically engineered living cells. Recombinant compounds often are altered versions of naturally occurring substances.
produced by genetic engineering. Recombinant products are designated by a lower-case r (e.g., rHGH).
A person with a new combination of genes, a combination of genes not present in either parent, due to parental recombination of those genes. See the entire definition of Recombinant
Genes work as directions for making proteins. When scientists combine genetic material from two or more different sources, the resulting gene is said to be recombinant. If that gene is expressed (used to make a protein), the resulting protein is also described as recombinant.
A term used in both classical and molecular genetics. 1. In classical genetics: An organism or cell that is the result of recombination (crossing-over), e.g., Parents: AB/ ab and ab/ ab; recombinant offspring: Ab/ ab. 2. In molecular genetics: A molecule containing DNA from different sources. The word is typically used as an adjective, e.g., recombinant DNA.
An individual, meiotic product, or single chromosome in which genetic materials originally present in two individuals end up in the same haploid complement of genes. The reshuffling of genes can be either by independent segragation, or by crossing over between homologous chromosomes. For example, a human may pass on genes from both parents in a single haploid gamete.
Produced by genetic engineering or altered in the genes. In a recombinant organism one or more genes which can be endogenous or exogenous have been mutated, added, or deleted.
Formed by (re-)combination of parts of one or different starting DNA molecules
The result of a crossover in a doubly heterozygous parent such that alleles at two loci that were present on opposite homologs are brought together on the same homolog. The term is used to describe the chromosome as well as the animal in which it is present.
DNA novel DNA made by joining DNA fragments from different sources
Made through genetic engineering, which is also called gene splicing or recombinant DNA technology. By putting animal or plant genes into the genetic material of bacteria or yeast cells, these microorganisms can be turned into "factories" to make proteins for medical uses.
Refers to compounds produced by laboratory or industrial cultures of genetically engineered living cells. The cells' genes have been altered to give them the capability of producing large quantities of the desired compound for use as a medical treatment. Recombinant compounds often are versions of naturally occurring substances.
An organism or cell in which genetic recombination has taken place; typically, material produced by genetic engineering. Recombination is the process by which progeny derive a combination of genes different from that of either parent