fundamental cause of duhkha, tendency of contrary perception
The first of the five kleshas described by Patanjali (see Patanjali). A false notion of the nature of reality into which all humans are born. Often translated as ignorance but here as Patanjali defines it, not simply intellectual ignorance but mistaking the impermanent for the Permanent, the impure for the pure, the painful for the pleasant and the not-self for the Self.
Sanskrit - "non-(spiritual) knowledge", metaphysical ignorance. An important Vedantic (and general Hindu and Buddhist) concept referring to the deluded state of finite, non-enlightened or non-realised consciousness, according to which one mistakes the imperfect or false understanding of ordinary or limited consciousness for reality. Enlightenment and Liberation mean freedom from avidya, and hence being able to see things as they really are.
klesha: ignorance, lack of spiritual knowledge, the root cause of all afflictions
Ignorance although unawareness and unconsciousness are also good translations. Most simply it is manifested as attachment to greed, anger, and delusion.
Ignorance, individual or cosmic, which hides the nature of the supreme Reality from our view. More or less same as Maya (Cosmic Ignorance)
(Sanskrit, "ignorance"). Ignorance, which is the root of all suffering.
A term of Vedanta philosophy denoting ignorance, individual or cosmic.
'Ignorance'; basic ignorance; darkness of mind which hinders realization of reality; the first of the twelve causations.
Ignorance; nescience; a Sakti or illusive power in Brahman which is sometimes regarded as one with Maya and sometimes as different from it. It forms the condition of the individual soul and is otherwise called Ajnana or Asuddha-maya. It forms the Karana Sarira of Jiva. It is Malina or impure Sattva.
the Ignorance; the consciousness of Multiplicity; the relative and multiple consciousness.
Avidya literally means "ignorance," and is the opposite of Vidya. It can refer to ignorance of proper social and religious behavior. In Sankara's thought (preserved in Advaita Vedanta), it became more than that. Avidya is the delusion of both the intellect and the spirit. This delusion prevents one from seeing beyond the duality of this world (i.e., matter) into the true unity of everything.
the Buddhist term for ignorance. Ignorance is at the root of greed, anger, and craving. It is overcome by mindfulness.
("ignorance"): the root cause of suffering (duhkha); also called ajnana; cf. vidya
Literally, "non-knowledge," ignorance; the manifestation in man of maya, and the cosmic delusion ( q.v.). Essentially, avidya is man's ignorance of his divine nature and of the sole reality; Spirit.
AvidyÄ is a Sanskrit word meaning Ignorance, delusion, unlearned, unwise. It is used extensively in Hindu texts, including the Upanishads.
AvidyÄ (Sanskrit) or AvijjÄ (PÄli) means "ignorance" or "delusion". It is used extensively in Buddhist texts.