covered with a shiny coating by applying e.g. beaten egg or a sugar or gelatin mixture; -- of foods.
Can be clay or other material coated on to paper to make it smoother and less absorbent to ink. Produces a smooth finish which can provide a better print but can rub off and crack on folds taking the ink with it. Therefore usually laminated to protect the ink from cracking.
A layer of clay or pigment, in combination with an adhesive, applied to paper.
Refers to paper or paperboard that has been coated to improve printability or appearance. Clay (kaolin) is predominantly used and may be applied during the manufacturing process or on an off-machine coater. Paper may be coated one side (C1S) or two sides (C2S).
Refers to a fabric that has been treated with a chemical coating such as polyurethane, acrylic or teflon on one or both sides to make it waterproof and possibly breathable. In a heavy, waterproof/nonbreathable form, coatings are used in objects like tents and packs. In lighter, microporous breathable form, they're used in outerwear.The trade-off between waterproofing and breathability depends on coating thickness. More coating equals more waterproofing, less breathability, and vice versa. Coatings are not as durable as laminates, especially during the wash. See DWR.
refers to the application of material such as plastic resin, wax, oil, varnish or lacquer to the surface of the fabric . Application methods include dipping, spraying, brushing, calendering or knife coating . Coating is often applied to make a fabric water repellent or waterproof but may be done simply to alter the hand or appearance of the fabric. Polyurethane, acrylic and PVC resins are common types of coating.
Used in reference to the shell material of cheaper waterproof jackets. Rather than providing a physical membrane layer to prevent water ingress, coated fabrics rely on a treatment stuck to the face of a non-waterproof fabric. This is usually effective but not as breathable and certainly not as durable as a membrane.
Refers to knitted or woven gloves that are dipped into a polymeric coating for the purpose of providing chemical resistance