The finely ground meal of wheat, or of any other grain; especially, the finer part of meal separated by bolting; hence, the fine and soft powder of any substance; as, flour of emery; flour of mustard.
To grind and bolt; to convert into flour; as, to flour wheat.
To produce flour, the wheat berries are milled and sifted to remove the bran germ. After milling, flour is sometimes bleached to lighten its color. Protein content determines whether a flour is hard (strong) or soft (weak). Hard flour is harvested in the fall; soft flour is harvested in the spring. Gluten is formed when flour is moistened and mixed. The degree of mixing and the protein content determine whether a strong or weak gluten is formed. Bread flour has a protein content as much as 15% and is made from hard wheat. All Purpose Bleached or unbleached Flour is a blend of hard and soft wheats and has 10 to 11% protein Cake Flour is made from soft wheat and is bleached. It's low protein content, 7 - 8% and low gluten strength make it suitable for cakes. Pastry Flour has a protein content between 8 ½ and 9 ½ %. It has some gluten development powers but not enough to make the dough elastic. It is used to make pastry.
Finely ground cereal, such as wheat, barley, oats, rye, rice and maize (corn). In Britain, the word 'flour' usually refers to flour produced from wheat. Wheat flour contains gluten, a protein that forms an elastic network that helps contain the gases that make mixtures (such as doughs and batters) rise as they bake. Different types of flour are needed for different products. Bread flour, or strong flour, for example, has a high protein content and good gluten strength. Plain household flour is usually a soft flour and is best for cakes and pastries. Self-raising flour has a standard amount of raising agent already added to it. Varying degrees of processing in the milling of the grain give wholewheat, brown and white types of flour. Spelt flour is made from an ancestor of our wheat and, although it does contain a small amount of gluten, some people who are intolerant to wheat flour can cope with it.
Used by the Hares to mark the trail. Self raising helps when it rains.
a basic substance used to mark trail; also Chalk, Paper
A white substance sometimes used to mark trails (see chalk).