A nation in which, the thing governing and the thing governed being the same, there is only a permitted authority to enforce an optional obedience. In a republic, the foundation of public order is the ever lessening habit of submission inherited from ancestors who, being truly governed, submitted because they had to. There are as many kinds of republics as there are graduations between the despotism whence they came and the anarchy whither they lead.
A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. Democracy, 2.
A state this is governed by an assembly of its own citizens rather than by a king.
the form of government in which ultimate power resides in the people, who elect representatives to participate in decision-making on their behalf. The head of state in a republic is usually an elected president-never a hereditary monarch. A republic is founded on the idea that every citizen has a right to participate, directly or indirectly, in affairs of state, and the general will of the people should be sovereign. The U.S. is a republic.
Republic enables old-style computer reports to be parsed and turned into OASIS OpenOffice.org spreadsheet documents. This data can then more easily analysed by management. Parsing rules are held in a simple XML format.
a society ruled by law rather than by men
a state in which the people choose who will rule them
a state ruled by its middle class