the imperial dynasty of China from 1122 to 221 BC; notable for the rise of Confucianism and Taoism
Originally a vassal family of Shang China; possibly Turkic in origin; overthrew Shang and established second historical Chinese dynasty. (p. 66)
The zhÅu (å·ž) was a historical political division of China. First established during the Han Dynasty, zhou continued to exist until the establishment of the Republic of China — a period of over 2000 years. "Zhou" were also used in Korea, with the word borrowed into the Korean language as ju (ì£¼).
ZhÅu is the Hanyu Pinyin transliteration of the Chinese family name å‘¨, which now ranks the 9th most common surname in Mainland China. It has been one of the most popular 10 surnames in China since the Yuan Dynasty.