Definitions for "Academy of art"
We figured you'd want to know this if you read the previous definition! AAs were institutions that sprang from the many associations artists formed during the Renaissance. These institutions were, effectively, part of a revolt against the medieval Guild system--which artists felt oppressed them and their work. Under the Guild system, they weren't painters or sculptors, but just artisans--a term that conferred about much status as blacksmith. The academies were a way for artists to show they were highly educated professionals with a comprehensive theory of art and technical skill. The academies provided standards and status--both of which the artists of the time found very attractive.