Definitions for "Almutem"
Translates as “The Winner”. Calculated using the five Essential Dignities for any zodiacal degree: Rulership, Exaltation, Triplicity, Term & Face, the Almutem of the chart or a house cusp is considered to be the chart’s or house’s true ruler. The Almutem is determined by assigning points (or virtues) to the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. The planet that gets the highest score is the Almutem of the chart or house.
There are five Essential Dignities for any degree of the zodiac: the rulership (+5), exaltation (+4), triplicity (+3), term (+2), and face (+1). If you take a particular house cusp, find the planet which rules each of the five essential dignities of the position, and assign the points to the planet. The planet with the highest point value is the Almuten. For example: for 8 Aries 15: Mars is the ruler (+5), the Sun rules the exaltation (+4), the triplicity (+3) and the face (+1) = +8, and Venus the terms (+2): the Sun is Almuten. Arabic sources give the word as "Almutem," but by the 17th Century, the word was consistently being translated into English and used as "Almuten."