Definitions for "Flag of Convenience"
A ship register in a country that offers incentives to ship owners from other countries to enter their vessels in that particular register. Some incentives often offered are little or no tax liability, no restrictions on the nationality of crew, and low registration fees. The vessel will fly the flag of the country where it is registered. Examples of open registries are Panama and Liberia. Abbreviation: FOC. Synonym: open registry.
flag State in which a ship has been registered only to gain some financial or legal advantage.
Registering a vessel in another country, i.e. changing nationality, to save costs and to benefit from more lax regulations regarding working conditions and labour laws.