Definitions for "Ketones"
Substances formed in the blood when a fat is broken down because of insufficient insulin. Fats are broken down into fatty acids, which are then chemically changed into ketones. Ketones (usually acetone) are often found in the blood and urine of persons with uncontrolled diabetes. Ketones may produce a fruity odor in the breath and urine of a person.
a class of body chemicals in which part of the molecule contains a carbon-oxygen bond (C= O).These form from the breakdown of fats and proteins in the liver. The can accumulate to toxic levels if the blood sugar falls too low (as in certain diabetes situations, starvation, or eating a high fat-low carbohydrate diet). They are toxic because they make the body fluids too acid for enzymes to work properly.
When your body uses too much fat for energy instead of glucose (due to low insulin levels), it leaves an acid by-product called "ketones." If ketones build up in your blood, you may become sick with stomach pain, vomiting, and dehydration.
molecules created from fatty acid breakdown.
Lactic Acid LDL - Low density Lipoprotein