Samuel Johnson LL.D. (After the British changed from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar in 1752, Johnson celebrated his birthday on September 18. – December 13, 1784), often referred to simply as Dr Johnson, was one of England's greatest literary figures: a poet, essayist, biographer, lexicographer and often considered the finest critic of English literature. He was also a great wit and prose stylist whose are still frequently quoted in print today.
Samuel Johnson (1649 - 1703), political writer, sometimes called "the Whig" to distinguish him from the later acclaimed author and lexiographer of the same name. Of humble extraction, he was educated at St. Paul's School and Cambridge, and took orders.