Definitions for "PHASE CANCELLATION"
Signals that are out of phase will cancel one another according to the difference in phase in degree. A transducer (speaker or microphone) wired out of phase with another will result in reduced output from both; instead of their combined outputs adding, they will subtract due to phase cancellation.
This phenomenon is also known as phase interference, which occurs at certain frequencies when direct and delayed signals are of equal level and opposite polarity; thus causing the signals to cancel each other out. This phenomenon can occur when two microphones pick up the same source at different distances through reflection.
Undesirable dips and peaks in frequency response caused by mixing the outputs of two microphones which are picking up the same sound but with different arrival times. For example, this can occur when two microphones are placed near each other, but still with space between them; or when wireless microphone users stand next to each other. Also referred to as acoustic phase interference. See also "3:1 Rule".