The ABCs is North Carolina's comprehensive plan to improve public schools that is based on three goals: strong accountability, an emphasis on student mastery of basic skills, and as much local control as possible. The ABCs has been in operation in all schools since 1997-98. The model focuses on schools meeting growth expectations for student achievement as well as on the overall percentage of students who scored at or above grade level. The model uses end-of-grade tests in grades 3-8 in reading and mathematics to measure growth at the elementary and middle school levels and end-of-course tests to measure growth at the high school level and at the middle school level where appropriate. Certified staff receives bonuses based on student growth and schools receive recognition based on the percentage of students' scores at or above grade level.
The ABCs of Public Education is North Carolina' s major school reform effort. Begun in 1995 as a result of state law, the ABCs focuses on local school accountability, an emphasis on student mastery of basic skills and as much local board and local educator control as possible.