Region bounded by the Tisza River on the west, the Mures River on the north, the Transylvanian Alps on the east, and the Danube on the south. After World War I, it was divided between Yugoslavia and Romania.
The Banat was an autonomous region within German-occupied Serbia between 1941 and 1944. The region was established after occupation and partition of Kingdom of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers. All power within region was in the hands of local ethnic German minority, while regional civilian commissioner was Josef-Sepp Lapp.