Falconry or hawking is the art or sport involving raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game. There are two traditional terms used to describe a person involved in falconry: A falconer flies a falcon; an austringer flies a "true" hawk (accipiter). In modern falconry, buteos are now commonly used, and the words "" and "hawker" have become so much used to mean petty travelling traders, so the more loosely used term "falconer" now applies to all people involved in falconry.
Training raptors (birds of prey) is a complex undertaking. Books containing hundreds of pages of information and advice by experienced falconers are still rudimentary at best. Many important details vary between individual raptors, species of raptors and between places and times.