pee KAY] lit., pricked. The inlaying of gold or silver in patterns, usually into tortoiseshell or ivory. Piqué posé [poe ZAY]: floral or ornate patterns of inlay; piqué point [pweh]: geometric shapes or dots.
There are two different types of piqué: (1) Medium- to heavyweight fabric that has a warp or filling wale or cord, usually warp. A heavy stuffer yarn is used in back of the cloth; this heavy yarn is caught at intervals by a filling thread. Groups of fine warp yarns are woven on the surface over the back stuffer yarn, forming a rib. Many of the cheaper or lighter versions are woven without this stuffer yarn. Other versions of piqué are irregular or novelty wales, woven dots, bird's-eye, diamond, square, and ladder effects. (2) Double-knit fabric usually with fine dots in the stitch pattern.
A medium-weight fabric, either knit or woven, with raised dobby designs including cords, wales, waffles, or patterns. Woven versions have cords running lengthwise, or in the warp direction. Knitted versions are double-knit fabric constructions, created on multi-feed circular knitting machines.
(pee-kay). A decorative style popular in the 18th and 19th centuries of inlaying tortoise shell with a pattern of gold and silver. Tortoise shell melts like plastic when exposed to heat. Piqué is produced by pressing a heated rod of precious metal into the shell, melting it slightly. When the shell cools it hardens around the precious metal.
A type of knitted fabric (there is also woven pique). Knitted pique has a double-knit fabric constructions and different appearance and face and back of the fabric. For examples of products using pique fabric please see our polo shirts.
Originally a woven cloth with rounded cords running in the weft direction, now often made in a lightweight Bedford cord weave with the cord running in the warp direction. Different widths of cord may be produced in one cloth to create interest and the fabric may be printed. A piqué effect may be produced by warp or weft knitting.