An injury to a ligament resulting from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sprain injury includes ice packs, resting and elevating the involved joint and anti-inflammatory medications. Depending on the severity and location, support bracing can help. Local cortisone injections are sometimes given for persistent inflammation. Activity is resumed gradually. Ice application after activity can reduce or prevent recurrent inflammation. In severe sprains, an orthopedic surgical repair is performed.
A tear or partial tear of ligament tissue surrounding a joint, due to trauma such as a twist. A sprain may also affect other surrounding soft tissues surrounding the joint and can even be accompanied by bony injury.
A sprain (from the French espraindre - to wring) is an injury which occurs to ligaments caused by a sudden overstretching (for the muscle injury, see strain). The ligament is usually only stretched, but sometimes it can be snapped, slightly torn, or ruptured, all of which are more serious and require longer to heal.