Traffic calming involves slowing the speed or reducing the volume of traffic on neighbourhood streets to increase safety and livability in the neighbourhood. Traffic calming could include measures such as traffic circles, speed humps, corner bulges, partial diverters, diagonal diverters, right-in-right-out diverters, signs, street closures, and street narrowing.
Street design measures that slow traffic down, restrict the areas in which cars are allowed, and otherwise manage the flow of traffic to make other forms of transportation such as walking and bicycling more attractive and feasible options.
Traffic calming is the use of legal and physical measures to reduce traffic speeds and improve safety and the environment. It is an approach to urban design, which makes streets more attractive, enjoyable and safer for those on foot.
The practice of using physical techniques to influence traffic movements in neighbourhoods.Objectives of traffic calming vary from improving safety through speed reduction measures such as traffic circles to discouraging traffic from entering an area through diversion measures such as “right-in, right-out” intersections.
Methods used to reduce vehicular speed and volume, and increase the sharing of streets by pedestrians and other users. Generally refers to physical measures and roadway design changes, such as speed bumps and roundabouts, but enforcement and education can be components. For more information, see the Traffic Calming Manual located on the Traffic Engineering Division's web site: ( http://www.coj.net/Departments/Public+Works/Traffic+Engineering/default.htm)
Traffic calming is a set of strategies used by urban planners and traffic engineers which aim to slow down or reduce traffic, thereby improving safety for pedestrians and bicyclists as well as improving the environment for residents. Calming measures are common in Europe, especially Northern Europe; less so in North America.