Definitions for "Initialization Vector"
Keywords:  nonce, plaintext, cbc, vector, random
a bit of random information that is used as an input in chained encryption algorithms, that is, when each stage of encrypting a block of input data provides some input to the encryption of the next block
a block of data, usually random, which is used by some encryption techniques in order to create encrypted data which is different every time even when encrypting the same plain text
a random number that is used as a starting point to encrypt a set of data