Definitions for "Open reading frame"
Two separate additions or deletions of one or two base pairs (reading frame shift) in a DNA sequence such that the second shift restores the reading frame, effectively ''skipping" the amino acids coded between the two.
( ORF) A DNA sequence that is potentially translatable into a protein.
An open reading frame (ORF) is a portion of a gene's sequence that contains a sequence of bases, uninterrupted by stop sequences, that could potentially encode a protein. When a new gene is identified and its DNA sequence deciphered, it is still unclear what its corresponding protein sequence is. This is because, in the absence of any other knowledge, the DNA sequence can be translated or read in six possible reading frames (three for each strand, corresponding to three different start positions for the first codon). ORF identification involves scanning each of the six reading frames and determining which one(s) contains a stretch of DNA sequence bounded by a start and stop codon, yet containing no start or stop codons within it; a sequence meeting these conditions could correspond to the actual single product of the gene. The identification of an ORF provides the first evidence that a new sequence of DNA is part or all of a gene encoding for a particular protein.