( Related information) Cognitive therapy aims to identify and correct distorted thinking patterns that can lead to feelings and behaviors that may be troublesome, self-defeating, or even self-destructive. The goal is to replace such thinking with a more balanced view that, in turn, leads to more fulfilling and productive behavior.
works on changing three kinds of thoughts: automatic thoughts, underlying assumptions and maladaptive schemas. People with borderline personality disorder, for example, believe deeply that they are defective, unlovable, dependent, incompetent and entitled. They also believe that the world is hostile, untrustworthy and emotionally depriving. Cognitive therapy works to replaces maladaptive ideas and attitudes with effective life skills.