Definitions for "Functional Classification"
Classification of urban and rural roadways by function. Roadways at the top to the hierarchy serve intercity and other long-distance movement. Roadways at the bottom provide access to land.
This a classification system for the highway network which denotes what "function" particular roads serve within the overall network. Section 2.2 gives the general characteristics of the functional classification of roads.
A system for classifying roads in terms of the character of service that individual facilities are providing or are intended to provide, ranging from travel mobility to land access. Roadway system functional classification elements include Freeways or Expressways which are limited access highways, Other Principal (or Major) Arterials, Minor Arterials, Collector Streets, and Local Streets. Principal arterials are designed to accommodate travel; access to adjacent properties is discouraged. Minor arterials are designed to serve both through traffic and local trips. Collector roads and streets link local streets and properties with the arterial network. Local streets provide access to adjacent properties.
The division of records into categories and subcategories to reflect the programs, activities, and transactions carried out by the organization accumulating the records.