Usually used in connection with crops, monoculture means the growing of identical plants in a large area, with no diversity. Natural meadows contain a mix of plant species, whereas a modern farmer's field is often a monoculture of just one species – and probably just one cultivar or variety of that species – grown at a high density.
From the agricultural term for the cultivation of a single crop, in cultural studies the idea of monoculture is linked to globalization and refers to the concept of a single world culture shared by all. This term has negative implications in that it suggests the destruction of local and cultural diversity. It is often implied that monoculture is synonymous with American or consumer culture.
Cultivation of large land areas with a single plant variety. monoecious(mo- nee-shus) [Gk. monos, single + oikos, house] Referring to a plant species that has both staminate and carpellate flowers on the same individual.
The growth of a single crop in an agricultural area. This method of farming usually involves clearcutting and the need for large inputs of chemical fertilizers and pesticide. It is associated with a loss of biodiversity.
A planting, usually large, of a single species of food crop. Such a setup may be efficient, allowing the farmer to plant, fertilize, and harvest on a set schedule, but it leaves the entire field vulnerable to attack by a single variety of pest or pathogen.
The plantings of a single species. A major force in the increase of monoculture in modern agriculture has been the development of machinery for tilling, planting, pest control and harvesting, which is cheaper than human labor, and is considered more efficient at larger scales. Examples of monocultures include lawns and most field crops, such as wheat or corn. The drawbacks and risks of excessive use of a single species are acknowledged and well understood in agriculture and agricultural science. Cropping systems such as crop rotation and especially pastures address some of these drawbacks. Extensive monoculture of fruits other crops tends to produce pollination problems, because pollinators cannot use all the resources available during bloom, and they may starve during the rest of the season. Such pollination problems are solved by pollination management.
Raising a crop of a single species, usually all the same age. A corn or bean field is a monoculture; so is a place where the original forest has been logged off and replanting has taken place. Usually, the most profitable and fastest-growing types of trees are planted. So what grows up doesn't necessarily have the diversity to be a true forest, but is a tree farm.
n: Cultivation of a single crop, usually on a large area of land. This unnatural agricultural system generally requires the use of large quantities of artificial fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, nematocides, and other pest control efforts. Even with these chemical aids, monocultures are prone to disease outbreaks and pest infestations, largely due to the genetic homogeneity of such systems.