is the most fundamental scientific thinking process. Only through observing are we able to acquire information about the world around us. Given objects to play with the young student will look, touch, smell, taste, and listen to them. These sensory actions enable the learner to construct a view of the world and how it works. Similarly, scientists gather information about Mars by placing a space probe that can observe its surface and thereby extend their human capabilities. By observing, humans gather information as raw material for constructing fundamental knowledge.