The assessor's estimated market value and classification is presumed valid in property tax appeals. The burden is on the plaintiff to prove that the value differs or that the classification is incorrect.
an inference as to the existence of a fact not actually known arising from its usual connection with another which is known, and on this principle the jury should have been allowed to consider this evidence
An advantage of proof legally accorded to one side in a suit or trial that in the absence of any evidence or without convincing evidence to the contrary that party's argument or version of the facts shall be accepted as true, and the burden of proof rests with the opposite side.
The assumption, by a court, that a fact is true until there is a preponderance of evidence that either disproves or outweighs the assumption. Each presumption is based upon a particular set of apparent facts paired with established laws, logic, reasoning or individual rights.
The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery.
This is an argument that states the status quo should be maintained until sufficient reasons have been proven to warrant the change desired by the affirmative. This does not mean that the status quo is necessarily good, only that we presume that it is good until it is proven otherwise.