Difficulty in breathing, noted by grunting, respiratory or expiratory wheezing or both, labored respiration, cyanosis (a blueness of the lips, face, fingers, and toes that can expand to involve the total body), and abnormal rate of respiration.
Condition in newborn children resulting from an inability to expand pulmonary alveoli effectively. It is due to a lack of surfactant, which only appears well on in pregnancy; hence premature children are prone to the problem.
Babies born before 34 weeks of pregnancy often develop this serious breathing problem. Babies with RDS lack a chemical mixture called surfactant, which keeps the small air sacs in the lungs from collapsing. Treatment with surfactant helps affected babies breathe more easily. Babies with RDS also may receive a treatment called C-PAP (continuous positive airway pressure). The air may be delivered through small tubes in the baby's nose, or through a tube that has been inserted into his windpipe. As with surfactant treatment, C-PAP helps keep small air sacs from collapsing. C-PAP helps the baby breathe, but does not breathe for him. The sickest babies may temporarily need the help of a ventilator to breathe for them while their lungs recover. For more information about the history of surfactant, read "Bubbles, Babies, and Biology: The Story of Surfactant," published by the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this report. To download a free copy of Acrobat Reader, click here. To download the article, click here.
an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
a condition (formerly known as hyaline membrane disease) in newborns that causes the child to have difficulty breathing. It is caused by an insufficient supply of a chemical called surfactant that helps expand the small air sacs in the lungs.
This condition is common in premature babies - the air sacs in the lungs collapse due to lack of an essential substance called surfactant. Most babies recover when given increased oxygen, but some need more aggressive therapy.
A lung condition characterized by severe respiratory insufficiency/failure associated with pulmonary infiltrates chest x-ray, impaired oxygen absorption, and the absence of elevated pulmonary arterial hypertension. The condition can occur in children and adults (ARDS) and can arise from a variety of pulmonary and other insults. A similar disease called hyaline membrane disease also occur in premature infants born before the lungs have matured to the point where they are able to produce adequate amounts of surfactant to prevent lung collapse. In all forms, severe breathlessness is characteristic and rapidly decompensates to respiratory failure with hypoxemia and cyanosis requiring mechanical ventilation for survival.
RDS or Respiratory Distress Syndrome is a condition that most commonly occurs in premature newborns, babies with diabetic mothers and babies born by cesarean. This happens when a baby has difficulty breathing and can't take in enough air, because his or her lungs aren't fully developed.