A compact mass of hardened mycelium stored with reserve food material in various true fungi. When mature, the sclerotium becomes detached and remains dormant until a favorable opportunity for growth occurs. At that time the sclerotium sends out hyphae or produces spore fruits.
Hard, resistant, multicellular resting body, usually with a differentiated cortex and medulla, that under favorable conditions can germinate to produce mycelium or sexual or asexual fruiting bodies. (Pl. sclerotia.) ( 22)
A sclerotium is a compact mass of hardened mycelium (as an ergot) stored with reserve food material that in some higher fungi becomes detached and remains dormant until a favorable opportunity for growth occurs.
gum fungus-derived Sclerotium gum is obtained from the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii. It is a natural thickener that promotes hydration of the skin and the product itself. It also helps to stabilise the emulsion of other ingredients in a product.