hormones responsible for producing sex characteristics and controlling sexual functions
The hormones responsible for regulation of reproduction and for the development of the male and female sexual characteristics. Sex hormones are produced chiefly by the gonads (ovaries in women, testes in men). Estrogens and progestational hormones are described as female sex hormones, androgens as male sex hormones.
The hormones that 'make' us male and female and control the production of eggs in women and sperm in men. The female sex hormones are oestrogen and progesterone. The male sex hormone is testosterone. Some cancers use sex hormones to help them grow. So, for these cancers, treatments can be aimed at stopping the body making sex hormones. This can cause menopausal side effects for women and hot flushes and impotence for men.