(Abbreviated SAR). Radar deployed aboard aircraft and satellites that produces a two-dimensional image of the target surface. The position of an object along the direction parallel to the movement of the observing platform is determined by the Doppler shift of the received signal. Phenomena observed by SAR include swell waves, current patterns imaged because of the varying sea surface roughness due to waveâ€“ current interaction, and oil spills and natural films that appear as areas of low image intensity as a result of their damping effect on centimeter-scale surface waves. See also Doppler radar, marine radar, microwave radar, high-frequency radar.
an active sensor transmitting and receiving microwave signals, i
Synthetic aperture radar, or SAR, uses a relatively small antenna to produce a broad beam, and makes use of the Doppler shift of the radar signal moving across the target to synthesize (with extensive computer processing) the azimuth resolution of a very narrow beam.