War in which Israel fended off the Egyptian, Lebanese, Syrian, Transjordanian, and Iraqi armies, which invaded one day after Israel declared its independence. The cease-fire lines drawn after the war left Jordan in control of the West Bank and eastern Jerusalem and Israel in control of western Jerusalem and the remainder of the area west of the Jordan River. The United States and the Soviet Union were the first to recognize the nascent State of Israel.
the war which started on May 14, 1948, when Israel proclaimed its independence, by the invasion of five armies Check the Timeline
a conflict of part of a state, often a colony, against the central government of the state, whose object is the formation of an independent state