The geographical area of southeastern Europe which was comprised of many petty kingdoms. The area was a battleground between the expanding Ottoman Empire and the defensive European nations during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. The region has a combined area of 550,000 kmÂ² and an approximate population of 55 million people. The archaic Greek name for the Balkan Peninsula is the Peninsula of Haemus (Î§ÎµÏÏƒÏŒÎ½Î·ÏƒÎ¿Ï‚ Ï„Î¿Ï… Î‘Î¯Î¼Î¿Ï…).