When a voltage is applied across a substance, an electric current will only flow if the substance conducts electricity. When salts dissolve in water, ions are formed and the solution (the electrolyte) will conduct electricity. As a general rule, the higher the concentration of ions in solution (ie, the higher the salt concentration) the better the solution conducts electricity; in other words, its electrical conductivity increases. Electrical conductivity is often expressed in units such as deciSeimens per metre (dS/m). Rain water, for example, has a conductivity of 0.02-0.05 dS/m, while sea water has a conductivity of 50-60 dS/m.