A European Convention on Human Rights, signed under the aegis of the Council of Europe in 1950, established an unprecedented system of international protection for human rights, offering individuals the possibility of applying to the courts for the enforcement of their rights. The Convention, which has been ratified by all EU Member States, established a number of supervisory bodies based in Strasbourg, including the European Court of Human Rights.
The colloquial name for the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. An international agreement between most European states setting out a package of civil rights and liberties, described as 'rights and freedoms' under Convention Rights. The ECHR is applied in devolved Scotland through provisions of the Scotland Act 1998 and the Human Rights Act 1998.