A grouping of three primarily economic organizations: the European Economic Community (EEC), the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom or EAEC), and the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). Founded separately in 1952 and 1957, the three came to be known collectively as the EC. Executive power rests with the European Commission ( q.v.). Members in 1993 were Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. In November 1993, the EC was subsumed under a new organization, the European Union (EU-- q.v.).
The European Community (EC), originally known as the European Economic Community (EEC), was established by a 1957 Treaty, commonly known as the Treaty of Rome. The European Community together with Euratom is known as the 'European Communities'. The European Constitution will create a single legal framework bringing together the Community and Union and abolishing the pillars.
The supranational organisation of (currently) 15 Member States, including the UK, formed by the amalgamation of Euratom, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Economic Community. It now forms one part of the European Union, and is the source of much of the law applicable in the Member States.
The European Union (EU) is a union of fifteen independent states based on the European Communities and founded to enhance political, economic and social co-operation. Formerly known as European Community (EC) or European Economic Community (EEC).
Up until 1992, there were three separate "European Communities" - the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Each Community represented cooperation between Member States in a given industrial area. However, under the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the EEC was renamed "the European Community (EC)", forming one part of the wider European Union (EU). Today, after the ECSC was abolished in 2002, there are just two Communities within the EU, the EC and Euratom. Not confusing at all...
The twelve nations of Europe that have combined to form the world's largest single market of more than 320 million consumers. The EC includes Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom, and West Germany.
Regional organization of European countries, originally called the European Economic Community (EEC), that came into being in 1958, with the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome, now known as the EC Treaty. The principal objective of the treaty was to establish a customs union among member states and facilitate increased economic integration and political cooperation. With the advent of the Single European Act (SEA) in 1987, the EC further deepened European economic integration by removing remaining barriers to free movement and completing the internal market. See “European Union.
The part of the EU which, for legal purposes, is the source of European legislation (the EU itself does not pass laws). Twenty-five countries - Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, , Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden are members.
As a regional economic integration organization, the European Community can be and is a Party to the UNFCCC; however, it does not have a separate vote from its members (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom).