Definitions for "Hitler, Adolph"
Keywords:  kampf, putsch, mein, nazi, reich
Organizer of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). After World War I, he was not successful in his November 1923 attempt to forcibly bring Germany under Nationalist control, in the "Beer Hall Putsch." Arrested and jailed for a five-year term, he wrote "Mein Kampf," describing his plan to create a greater Germany. Released after eight months, he reentered politics and, by intimidating his enemies, eventually was allotted the chancellorship. He set up a dictatorship, brutally eliminating all his rivals, enemies and opposition. In September 1939, after annexing Austria, the Sudentenland and finally Czechoslovakia, he invaded Poland. By the time the Allies realized he wasn't to be trusted, Hitler had overtaken much of Europe. Once the U.S. joined the war in December 1941, the Germans began suffering defeats. Although the war was obviously lost, he encouraged Germans to fight to their deaths - but he committed suicide on April 20, 1945 rather than be captured alive.
Charismatic founder of the Nazi party and perpetrator of the Holocaust. He proclaimed his plan in Mein Kampf, written during his imprisonment following the Beer Hall Putsch. He reportedly committed suicide in 1945 when it became apparent Germany would lose the war.
Leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II. Benito Mussolini (left) and Adolph Hitler (right)