City in incorporated western Poland, renamed Litzmannstadt, where the first major ghetto was created in April 1940. By September 1941, the ghetto's population faced severe overcrowding. In October 1941, 20,000 Jews from Germany, Austria, and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia were deported to the Lodz ghetto. A separate section of the ghetto was set up for approximately 5,000 Austrian Roma and Sinti. During 1942 and June-July 1944, there were massive deportations from Lodz to the killing center in Chelmno. In August-September 1944, the ghetto was dissolved and the remaining 60,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz.
A city in Western Poland which contained the first ghetto in April 1940, originally holding about 140,000 people in 1.6 square miles, and then an additional 20,000 German and Austrian Jews which were sent there in October 1941. Most were deported and exterminated at Chelmno, until the ghetto was liquidated in September 1944, and the remaining 60,000 were sent to Auschwitz.