an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania that infects and lives inside human macrophages. The parasite is transmitted by sandflies. The infection is characterized by lesions on exposed parts of the body, and may be fatal if left untreated.
A parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sandflies. The most common forms are cutaneous, causing skin sores, and visceral, affecting some internal bodily systems (e.g., the spleen, liver, and bone marrow).[81
A parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of some species of sand flies, which occurs in the tropical and subtropical world as well as southern Europe. It most commonly manifests either in a cutaneous (skin) or visceral (internal organ) form.
A disease caused by a protozoan parasite Leishmania and transmitted by the bite of a sand fly; the most severe form, visceral leishmaniasis or Kala-azar, is a fatal disease which is found in five tropical countries, but also in southern Europe. The number of new cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis each year in the world is thought to be about 1,5 million. The number of new cases of visceral leishmaniasis is thought to be about 500,000. First-line treatment with antimonial drugs, second-line with amphotericin B.
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly, including flies in the genus Lutzomyia in the New World and Phlebotomus in the Old World. The disease was named in 1901 for the Scottish pathologist William Boog Leishman. This disease is also known as Leichmaniosis, Leishmaniose, leishmaniose, and formerly, Orient Boils, kala azar, black fever, sandfly disease, Dum-Dum fever or espundia.