A solemn form of supplication in the public worship of various churches, in which the clergy and congregation join, the former leading and the latter responding in alternate sentences. It is usually of a penitential character.
any of a series of petitions said by the priest or deacon to which is sung in response a short prayer such as "Lord, have mercy" or "Grant it, O Lord" or "To Thee, O Lord." The Great Litany or Litany of Peace, which has approximately 10 petitions, is very ancient and represents the common prayer of all the faithful; the Little Litany, which consists of 3 petitions, is used primarily as a link between various hymns; the Augmented Litany is so called because of its oft-repeated threefold "Lord, have mercy"; the Litany of Supplication includes "Grant it, O Lord" as a response. There are also l.'s for the Departed, which include special petitions for the deceased, and various adaptations of the above for different occasions. L.'s are sung at the All-Night Vigil, the Divine Liturgy, and at various occasional services, such as memorials, weddings, baptisms, funerals, etc.
A form of prayer consisting of a series of invocations for deliverance or intercession. They were addressed in a formal and hierarchical sequence to the Trinity, the Virgin, the angels, and then the saints according to their rank as apostles, martyrs, confessors, and virgins.